According to research, child traumatisation affects a large part of the population (20-25%) and can have a pathogenic deformative impact on the development of individuals. It increases the risk of disorganised attachment, which has a negative impact on the creation of relationships, it increases vulnerability to mental and psychosomatic illnesses, and in some people it can lead to an unhealthy or seriously risky lifestyle, with a higher risk of premature death (as a result of injury, alcohol abuse, drugs, or promiscuity). Transgenerational transfer of trauma, in which a child of parents with unresolved trauma is threatened by the development of an insecure type of attachment, is also a problem.
The main causes of traumatisation in childhood are emotional abuse, physical abuse, neglect, and sexual abuse. In the case of secure attachment, when the trauma and loss inflicted by the parents are processed, there is an increased probability that the child will be not traumatised or that the potential trauma will be processed without pathological outcomes.
There are several methods for measuring childhood trauma, but the “Childhood Trauma Questionnaire appears to be the most fully elaborated and it also considers childhood neglect.
It is necessary to provide consistent and deep research on this problem in our conditions, not only in the global population, but also in some selected groups. According to the latest research studies, psychiatric patients (e.g. with depression, addiction, or schizophrenia) have increased rates of traumatisation in childhood and an insecure attachment style.
Validation of the Czech version of the “Childhood Trauma Questionnaire” (CTQ)
Traumatisation in childhood by insecure attachment.
Incidence of traumatisation in childhood, stressful events during life, and the insecure attachment style in psychiatric patients
Traumatisation in childhood, health and life satisfaction